dental impaction is a condition when a teeth/tooth fails to erupt in its dental chronological time. The impacted teeth usually stay within the bone of the individual throughout his/her lifetime, this impacted teeth may produce pain or may sit idle without any symptom.
The wisdom teeth or the 3rd molar(the last two teeth on both the end of the jaw) is the most common teeth that get impacted, this is because the wisdom teeth are the last tooth to erupt and when all the teeth in the jaw have occupied the space completely the last erupting teeth get impacted in the bone.
The second most common teeth to get impacted is upper canine, this is because the upper canine teeth have the longest journey of eruption, if the erupting teeth space is narrow the teeth get impacted.
Other teeth also get impacted in very rare conditions.
Tooth Removal is usually suggested but in few conditions, operculectomy( removal of gums placed over the impacted teeth.) will help in normal eruption and orthodontic treatment will some times help in a normal eruption of teeth.
The treatment varies depending on the teeth and its position.
Wisdom tooth impaction is a condition where your last molars of the arch, called 3rd molars
Wisdom tooth impaction is common in people age between 18 – 30 years and sometimes above.
Wisdom tooth impaction mostly presents as pain in the region of your molars or behind them. Most of the time they get resolved immediately after the impacted teeth are removed.
Sometimes, you find a swelling associated with pain. This happens when you neglect the initial symptoms like mild discomfort or pain. Swelling usually occurs because of the accumulation of pus. The size varies from small pea-sized to covering the entire side of the face depending on the severity of the condition.
There are instances where the impacted tooth inside the bone may hit the adjacent teeth and lead to cavity formation in the adjacent teeth. When neglected, both your teeth get damaged and you will have to undergo some lengthy treatment procedures to get your teeth functioning.
When you visit your dentist with the above symptoms, your dentist will check your oral cavity and take an X-ray if required. Then your treatment will be planned according to the severity of the condition.
Let your dentist know if you have conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, any bleeding disorders, heart diseases, and the present medication you are taking for any condition. This is important for the treatment plan and post-operative medications.
The wisdom tooth removal has become a common procedure nowadays and with the most advanced equipment and appropriate sterilization in the Chennai’s Best Dental Clinic, Senthil Dental Care, it has become much easier for the patients to undergo the procedure.
There are many types of tooth impaction but we commonly have 3 types:
Angular type of impaction is most common and it presents as tilting of the molar towards any side in the jaw.
A horizontal type of impaction is a condition where the tooth is completely inside the bone and is pushing the adjacent tooth the extent where you feel pain in that tooth. This is considered as one of the worst types of wisdom tooth impaction as it presents with many complications.
Vertical type of impaction is something where your teeth have enough space to grow without any tilt but the bone and gums are so thick that they hinder their eruption.
Your dentist will first numb the area of pain with a local anesthetic. Then they will reflect all the soft tissues around the impacted tooth and if required, he/she will trim the bone around the tooth to make the removal easier and pain-free. Finally, all the tissues will be approximated and sutures are placed.
Your dentist will give you a set of instructions to help quick healing of your wound. Let’s check the common instructions given:
There are no such home remedies that will cure the symptoms of wisdom tooth impaction. But some of the following help you to get some relief from the pain:
For immediate relief of pain, you can use paracetamol or ibuprofen or ketorolac tablets. But remember that the only permanent cure is to get the appropriate treatment done by your dentist. As long as you postpone your dentist’s visit, the severity of the condition will be increased.
Wisdom teeth even if it has erupted is an idle tooth, it is not used in chewing food, speech, or any other normal functions, removal does not cause any tooth shifting or facial disfiguration, hence replacement is not necessary.
The extracted socket may sometimes remain hollow, placing a bone graft in the extracted socket will avoid it.